What is Pigmentation ?
Hyper-pigmentation of the skin resulting in skin discoloration occurs due to the excessive production of melanin. It may affect any area of the body and could be a source of great distress to the patients but most people get impacted with pigmentation on face. In some cases skin pigmentation could be a manifestation of an underlying medical condition and therefore each case of hyper-pigmentation should be evaluated thoroughly.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF PIGMENTARY LESIONS
The common pigment related concerns are
TAN:This is caused due to increased production of melanin on sun exposure and results in darkening of skin. It is commonly found on the forehead, outer aspect of arms and temples. It can be prevented by protection and avoidance from Sun using protective clothing and sunscreens.
TREATMENT FOR TAN: Tan can be treated effectively using Chemical peels, Light based treatments, Pixel laser treatment and through medications.
MELASMA:: These are dark, irregular brown patches which are found commonly on the forehead, nose, upper part of the cheeks, upper lipand nose. This is more common in women especially during pregnancy or in those undergoing hormonal replacement therapy. There are two types of Melasma, Dermal and Epidermal.
TREATMENT FOR MELASMA:
Melasma can be treated with glycolic peels and Trichloroacetic acid peels, Light based treatments, Lasers (Pixel, Q S Nd YAG), medications and of course by sunprotection with sunscreens. The response to melasma depends on the duration of its onset, depth of the pigmentation, lifestyle and maintenance etc.
These are brown to black spots formed on skin due to clusters of concentrated melanin, usually found in fair skinned people. They are caused by sun damage and are usually found on face or areas of skin exposed to Sun such as chest, arms, shoulders.
TREATMENT FOR FRECKLES:Freckles are dealt using Light based treatment such as Super Skin Rejuvenation and Q S Nd YAG Lasers
Although Sun exposure remains one of the major causes of skin discoloration, hormonal factors and reaction to certain medicines can also impact skin resulting in dark spots and patches that appear on the face, neck, chest and hands. While Sunscreens remains the number one safeguard correct usage will optimize protection from hyperpigmentation. For a those with high pigment potential, treatment protocols treatments ranging from mild lighteners, acid peels to Intense Pulse Light Lasers with Products, with active ingredients that include anti inflammatories, curbing enzyme Tyrosinase production, mild lightener, correct sunscreen use and limiting sun exposure and correct sunscreen use can help reverse hyperpigmentation.