It is a surgical procedure which involves the reduction in the size of breasts by excising fat, skin and glandular tissue; this procedure also results in breast upliftment for drooping of the breasts. Breast reduction surgery is indicated in women with large, pendulous breasts, as weight of their breasts may cause neck pain, back pain, shoulder pain or breathing problems.
The weight may also result in bras straps abrading the skin of the others are simply uncomfortable with the large size of their breasts. Reduction mammoplasty makes breasts smaller, lighter and firmer. The surgeon may also reduce the size of the areola or nipples. Young women with good skin tone and moderately enlarged breasts can be reduced by liposuction.
The most common procedure involves Vertical scar mammoplasty. The incision extends downward, following the natural curve of the breast. Excess glandular tissue, fat and skin is removed and the nipple and areola are moved into their new position.
Patients may take a few weeks for recovery in swelling and discomfort; however it may take from six months to a year for the body to completely adjust to the new breast size. Scarring from this procedure may be permanent. Though permanent, the surgeon can generally make the scars inconspicuous.
Other common problems include: delayed wound healing, altered nipple sensation, altered erogenous function, late changes in shape and asymmetry.